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608
THE IRON INDUSTRY.
TABLE XXXII-A. Composition of Fuel and Ore at Cape Breton.
Raiv Coal.	Reserve 'tone.	Caledonia Mine.	Dominion Mine.
	1 45	1.54	1 21
Volatile Matter.. Fixed Carbon . . .	32 45 CO. 45 1.64;	30.86 62 91 1 60	31.89 61 49 1.56
Ash ..... . .....	5.65	4.69	5 41
Washed Coal-	1 01	1.08	0.84
Volatile Mattter. Fixed Carbon. . . .	32.99 62.21 1.11	33.92 61.69 1.07	37.86 62.60 I 17
Ash .............	S.79	3.31	4.50
Retort Cokeó Sulphur . .......	0.91	0.78	1.01
Ash .............	6.07	5.38	6.24
			
Bell Island Ore.	Best.	Worst.
Moisture ..... . .......	1.50	2.50
Pe ....... "	54 43	51 84
SiO, ............	9 34	13 00
p ..... . .............	0.744:	0 835
S ....................	0 05	0.03
		
There are four blast furnaces 85 by 20 feet and ten 50-ton open-hearth furnaces of the Campbell type. The first steel was made on December 31, 1901. Sydney is on a good harbor, but this is closed by ice a part of the year, during which time traffic can be carried on by way of Louisburg, forty miles by railroad on the south, coast. The ore deposit at Bell Island is also on good water, but is likewise ice-bound for three or four months in the year.
In, this same district are the two works of the Nova Scotia Steel Co.,, with eight open-hearth furnaces.
One of the arguments advanced in favor of new works in Canada is the bounty offered by the Government on pig-iron and steel manufactured within the Dominion. During the year 1905 the bounty is $1.05 on every ton of pig-iron made from native ore, and an additional. $1.05 for every ton of steel, making a total of $2.10 for each ton of "steel from native ore. This falls to $1.20 during 1906, and then ceases altogether.